The role of peripheral N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors in Freund's complete adjuvant induced mechanical hyperalgesia in rats

J W Leem, J H Hwang, S J Hwang, H Park, M K Kim, Y Choi
Neuroscience Letters 2001 January 19, 297 (3): 155-8
We investigated the role of excitatory amino acid receptors in mechanical hyperalgesia induced by subcutaneous injection of Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA) into the rat hind paw. In normal rats, an intraplantar ( injection of L-glutamate, but not of D-glutamate (3 pmol/0.1 ml each) produced a mechanical hyperalgesia in the hind paw with a lowered paw-withdrawal threshold to pressure. In rats that developed mechanical hyperalgesia associated with inflammation in the hind paw following injection of FCA (0.15 ml), the injection of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, MK-801 (1 pmol/0.1 ml) into the inflamed paw increased the paw pressure threshold. On the other hand, the injection of non-NMDA receptor antagonist, 6-cyano-7-nitroqiunoxaline-2,3-dione (CNQX, 10 pmol/0.1 ml) into the inflamed paw had no effect on FCA-induced lowering of the paw pressure threshold. The results suggest that NMDA, but not non-NMDA receptors play a substantial role in mediating the development of mechanical hyperalgesia induced in the inflamed paw following FCA injection.

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