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Intravenous immunoglobulin treatment of immunodeficiency disorders.

ADDs can occur as primary genetic disorders or may develop secondary to various other conditions, including infections, trauma, malnutrition, and protein-losing states. Although antibiotics are the first-line therapy for acute infection, using them prophylactically can select for resistant organisms. IM ISG and fresh frozen plasma were the principal agents for antibody-replacement therapy until the advent of IVIG 2 decades ago. IVIG is now the definitive product for antibody-replacement therapy. Although IVIG has a long history of safety regarding the infectious pathogens, the identification of more than 100 patients with non-A, non-B hepatitis apparently acquired from a single product prompted additional modifications, improving the safety profile of IVIG. Despite the excellent safety record of IVIG, the unexpected occurrence of hepatitis in some recipients served as a reminder that IVIG is a biologic product derived from human plasma. Newer products are being developed that may supplement polyvalent IVIG including humanized MAbs and hyperimmune IVIG preparations to address specific clinical requirements.

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Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

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