JOURNAL ARTICLE

Evaluation of combined vaccinia virus-mediated antitumor gene therapy with p53, IL-2, and IL-12 in a glioma model

B Chen, T M Timiryasova, M L Andres, E H Kajioka, R Dutta-Roy, D S Gridley, I Fodor
Cancer Gene Therapy 2000, 7 (11): 1437-47
11129286
Our previous studies have shown that vaccinia virus (VV) expressing p53, interleukin-2 (IL-2), and interleukin-12 (IL-12) results in an effective inhibition of subcutaneous glioma growth in mice. We propose that combination therapy of tumors with virus-mediated p53 and cytokine genes offers the prospect of synergistic antitumor response. In this work, the antitumor efficacy of VV-mediated combination of p53, IL-2, and IL-12 genes was evaluated in a nude mouse model. To minimize cytokine-associated toxicity, a virus dose as low as 10 plaque-forming units of VV expressing IL-2 and IL-12 per animal was used alone and together with 2 x 10(7) plaque-forming units of VV expressing p53. Intratumoral treatment of established C6 glioma with recombinant viruses rVV-p53, rVV-mIL2, rVV-mIL12, and rVV-2-12 induced the prolonged expression of p53, IL-2, IL-12, and both cytokines simultaneously. The combination of rVV-p53/rVV-mIL 2 or rVV-p53/rVV-2-12 resulted in significant tumor inhibition compared to single modality treatment (P<.05). rVV-p53/rVV-2-12 therapy was associated with significant elevation of natural killer, Mac-1+, and NKT cells in blood and interferon-gamma, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha expression in tumors. The difference in the inhibition of tumor growth between the rVV-p53/rVV-mIL2 combination and rVV-p53 was statistically insignificant. These data demonstrate that gene therapy based on VV-mediated combination of p53, IL-2, and IL-12 treatment may be a promising adjunctive strategy for glioma treatment.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11129286
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"