Preconditioning protects against systemic disorders associated with hepatic ischemia-reperfusion through blockade of tumor necrosis factor-induced P-selectin up-regulation in the rat

C Peralta, L Fernández, J Panés, N Prats, M Sans, J M Piqué, E Gelpí, J Roselló-Catafau
Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases 2001, 33 (1): 100-13
Previous studies indicate that ischemic preconditioning protects against lung injury resulting from hepatic ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) through inhibition of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) release from Kupffer cells. The present study investigated whether this effect is limited to the lung or is a generalized systemic response and explores the molecular mechanisms involved. Hepatic I/R led to an increase in neutrophil accumulation in liver, lung, and splanchnic organs. Although preconditioning did not modify neutrophil infiltration in liver during reperfusion, it conferred protection against hepatic injury associated with I/R. In remote organs, preconditioning abrogated the increase in P-selectin up-regulation, preventing neutrophil infiltration and thus reducing the oxidative stress and microvascular disorders following hepatic I/R in these organs. Administration of Abs against P-selectin or TNF previous to ischemia had the same effects as preconditioning. The effects of preconditioning on the blockade of P-selectin up-regulation probably results from inhibition of systemic TNF release from Kupffer cells. Supplementation of TNF abolished the benefits of preconditioning, whereas the injurious effects of TNF were prevented by previous blockade of P-selectin. The results of the present study suggest that ischemic preconditioning protects the liver against I/R injury by a mechanism independent of adhesion molecule expression and neutrophil accumulation. In remote organs, however, hepatic preconditioning prevents inflammatory damage by reducing the systemic TNF release from the liver and thus preventing P-selectin up-regulation.

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