JOURNAL ARTICLE

Anemia and macrocytosis in the prediction of serum folate and vitamin B12 status, and treatment outcome in major depression

D Mischoulon, J K Burger, M K Spillmann, J J Worthington, M Fava, J E Alpert
Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2000, 49 (3): 183-7
11110989

BACKGROUND: Folate and B12 deficiencies may result in macrocytic anemia, and are common in major depression; hypofolatemia may result in poorer antidepressant response. We wished to determine whether anemia or macrocytosis predict hypofolatemia, low B12, or refractoriness to antidepressants.

METHODS: After obtaining serum folate, B12, and hematological indices, 213 depressed adults were treated with fluoxetine 20 mg/day. Amelioration of depressive symptoms was measured.

RESULTS: Neither macrocytosis nor anemia predicted low serum folate/B12, or antidepressant refractoriness. Among 39 patients with hypofolatemia, none had macrocytosis; 28% had low HCT; 41% had low RBC. Among 25 patients with low B12, none had macrocytosis; 24% had low HCT; 28% had low RBC. Among non-responders, 3% had macrocytosis; 24% had low HCT; 25% had low RBC.

CONCLUSION: Anemia and macrocytosis should not be used to predict folate or B12 deficiencies, or refractoriness to antidepressants. Measurement of folate and B12 should be considered when evaluating treatment refractoriness.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11110989
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"