Immunologic dynamics in hemophiliac patients infected with hepatitis C virus and human immunodeficiency virus: influence of antiretroviral therapy

S Yokozaki, J Takamatsu, I Nakano, Y Katano, H Toyoda, K Hayashi, T Hayakawa, Y Fukuda
Blood 2000 December 15, 96 (13): 4293-9
Infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or both is common in hemophiliac patients due to putative transmission through clotting factor concentrates. Recently, highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has been found to markedly improve viremia and immunologic parameters in patients infected with HIV. This report considers interactions between these viral infections, the immune system, and antiretroviral therapy. A total of 130 male hemophiliac patients were grouped according to type of viremia (HCV, HIV, both, or neither). Along with 30 healthy men age-matched to viremic patients, these groups were compared with respect to viral load and immunologic parameters. Thirty-five patients treated as above for HIV were serially followed up. HCV infection was associated with reduced peripheral B-cell and CD4(+)-cell counts and with increased serum IgG and IgM levels, whereas HIV infection was associated with reduced peripheral CD4(+)-cell counts and increased serum IgG and IgA levels. In patients with both viruses, HCV and HIV RNA load correlated inversely with peripheral B-cell and CD4(+)-cell counts, respectively. HAART reduced levels of both viruses in the blood. Of the 25 patients with both viruses, HAART eliminated HCV in 2. In conclusion, immunologic dynamics differed between hemophiliac patients infected with HCV, HIV, or both. The relative dynamics of HCV viral load, peripheral B-cell count, and serum IgM level were similar to those of HIV viral load, CD4(+)-cell count, and serum IgA. (Blood. 2000;96:4293-4299)

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