Left ventricular inflow normal or pseudonormal. A new echocardiographic method: diastolic change of left atrial diameter

N Kurtoglu, R Akdemir, M Yuce, Y Basaran, I Dindar
Echocardiography 2000, 17 (7): 653-8

UNLABELLED: Mitral flow Doppler study has been used to evaluate left ventricle (LV) diastolic function. Through its use, greater A wave than E wave, pseudonormal pattern, and restrictive pattern were observed progressively in patients with more LV diastolic dysfunction. Differentiation of normal or pseudonormal mitral flow is very important. In this study, left atrium (LA) diameter change during diastole was used as a new method for the differentiation of normal and pseudonormal mitral flow.

METHOD: Sixty-eight patients (30 men, 38 women; mean age 53 +/- 13 years) with echocardiographically determined diastolic dysfunction and 60 healthy volunteers (36 men, 24 women; mean age 49 +/- 12 years) were included in the study. Mitral flow E/A ratio, isovolumetric relaxation time (IVRT), and deceleration time (DT) of E wave were used for determination of the diastolic dysfunction. Thirty of 68 diastolic dysfunction patients had A>E wave, 20 had pseudonormal mitral flow pattern, and 18 had restrictive mitral flow pattern. Left parasternal long-axis echocardiographic window was used for the measurement of LA diameter. Left atrium emptying fraction (LAEF) was defined as ratio of end-diastolic LA diameter to end-systolic diameter.

RESULTS: LAEF was found 0.69 +/- 0.01 (mean +/- SE) in the control group, 0.76 +/- 0.01 in the A>E group (P < 0.05, control vs A > E group), 0.83 +/- 0. 05 in the pseudonormal pattern group (P < 0.05, control vs pseudonormal pattern group), and 0.87 +/- 0.01 in the restrictive pattern group (P < 0.001, control vs restrictive pattern group).

CONCLUSION: (1) LV diastolic dysfunction reduces the filling of LA content to the LV during diastole; (2) LA diameter changes during diastole as a new and practical method for the differentiation of the normal-pseudonormal mitral flow pattern.

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