Amniotic fluid and umbilical cord blood concentrations of antidepressants in three women

A Hostetter, J C Ritchie, Z N Stowe
Biological Psychiatry 2000 November 15, 48 (10): 1032-4

BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and the postpartum period are a time of increased risk for women to develop mood disorders. As such, the reproductive safety data on antidepressant use during pregnancy have rapidly expanded over the last decade; however, there is relatively sparse information on maternal/fetal exchange of these medications and no data reporting their concentrations in amniotic fluid.

METHODS: We report on three women treated during pregnancy with fluvoxamine, sertraline, and venlafaxine, respectively. Amniotic fluid at amniocentesis and umbilical cord blood and maternal blood at delivery were collected and analyzed for antidepressant concentrations using high performance liquid chromatography with UV detection.

RESULTS: Antidepressant and metabolite concentrations were detectable in all amniotic fluid samples, though parent compound concentrations were less than maternal serum and umbilical cord blood concentrations. No adverse effects of the medication were reported.

CONCLUSIONS: The presence of these antidepressants in amniotic fluid suggests that fetal exposure to these medications is continual and may occur through a variety of paths, thus accounting for increased fetal exposure. These paths include circulatory via placental passage, gastrointestinal via fetal swallowing, and respiratory secondary to fetal lung absorption.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"