Renal tubular function in patients receiving anticonvulsant therapy: a long-term study

A Verrotti, R Greco, R Pascarella, V Matera, G Morgese, F Chiarelli
Epilepsia 2000, 41 (11): 1432-5

PURPOSE: The goal of the study was to evaluate the tubular renal function in children and adolescents who are undergoing monotherapy with sodium valproate (VPA), carbamazepine (CBZ), and phenobarbital (PB).

METHODS: The urinary excretion of N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase (NAG), beta-galactosidase (beta-Gal), alanine-amino-peptidase (AAP), and alpha1-microglobulin (alpha1M) was measured in 58 epileptic patients (29 girls and 29 boys), aged 12.6 +/- 3.9 years, who were subdivided into three groups according to their therapy. Fifty healthy sex-and age-matched children served as controls. The measurements were taken before the beginning of therapy and after 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years of therapy.

RESULTS: Before the beginning of therapy, there were no significant differences in NAG, beta-Gal, AAP, and alpha1M values between the control group and the three groups of epileptic children. After 6 months of therapy, patients treated with VPA and CBZ showed a significant increase in the urinary excretion of NAG and beta-Gal compared with baseline data and control values. After 1 and 2 years, these patients showed a persistence of the changes found after 6 months of therapy. In patients treated with PB, we did not find any significant variation in NAG, beta-Gal, AAP, and alpha1M urinary excretion.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that in patients treated with VPA and CBZ, an impairment of tubular function can be present, whereas PB does not cause any significant change.

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