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Evaluation of outpatient hysteroscopy, saline infusion hysterosonography, and hysterosalpingography in infertile women: a prospective, randomized study.

OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy, pain scores, and procedure length of outpatient hysteroscopy (OHS), hysterosalpingography (HSG), and saline infusion hysterosonography (SIS) for evaluation of the uterine cavity of infertile women.

DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, investigator-blind study.

SETTING: Tertiary infertility clinic.

PATIENT(S): Forty-six consecutive infertile women.

INTERVENTION(S): Outpatient HSG, OHS, and SIS, followed by operative hysteroscopy (HS).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Uterine abnormalities, procedure length, and subjective pain.

RESULT(S): Fifty-nine percent of infertile subjects were found to have an abnormality on at least one of three outpatient uterine evaluations. When compared with the case of definitive operative HS, 60% of abnormalities were correctly classified by HSG, 72% by OHS, and 52% by SIS (P: NS). When comparing all combinations of 2 outpatient screening tests to operative hysteroscopy, 68% were correctly classified by HSG/OHS, 58% by HSG/SIS, and 64% by OHS/SIS (P: NS). The average time length for the OHS was 9.1 min., which was significantly greater than for both HSG (average, 5.3 min) and SIS (average, 6.1 min.) (P<.0001 for both). HSG and SIS were not statistically different regarding procedure time length. The average pain score (0-10) for SIS was 2.7, compared with 5.8 and 5.3 for HSG and OHS, respectively. Both HSG and OHS mean pain scores were significantly greater than the SIS mean.

CONCLUSION(S): OHS, SIS, and HSG were statistically equivalent regarding evaluation of uterine cavity pathology in infertile women.

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