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Lumbosacral plexopathy after dual kidney transplantation.

A 58-year-old man underwent dual kidney transplantation. He was unable to move his right leg after surgery. This was caused by extensive lumbosacral plexopathy on the side of surgery. Lumbosacral plexopathy after kidney transplantation is uncommon, because the plexus has rich anastomotic blood supply, and ischemic injury is unlikely. However, isolated femoral neuropathy after renal transplantation has been reported, as the distal portion of this nerve is supplied by branches of internal iliac artery only and is more prone to ischemic injury during surgery. Dual-kidney transplantation involves a larger dissection, and the procedure takes 60 to 90 minutes longer than single-kidney transplantation. It involves more vascular reconstruction. This may predispose the lumbosacral plexus to ischemic injury. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of lumbosacral plexopathy after a dual kidney transplantation, and this may be seen more frequently because this procedure is becoming more common.

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