JOURNAL ARTICLE

Altered hemodynamics in transgenic mice harboring mutant tropomyosin linked to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

C C Evans, J R Pena, R M Phillips, M Muthuchamy, D F Wieczorek, R J Solaro, B M Wolska
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 2000, 279 (5): H2414-23
11045979
We used transgenic (TG) mice overexpressing mutant alpha-tropomyosin [alpha-Tm(Asp175Asn)], linked to familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC), to test the hypothesis that this mutation impairs cardiac function by altering the sensitivity of myofilaments to Ca(2+). Left ventricular (LV) pressure was measured in anesthetized nontransgenic (NTG) and TG mice. In control conditions, LV relaxation was 6,970 +/- 297 mmHg/s in NTG and 5,624 +/- 392 mmHg/s in TG mice (P < 0.05). During beta-adrenergic stimulation, the rate of relaxation increased to 8,411 +/- 323 mmHg/s in NTG and to 6,080 +/- 413 mmHg/s in TG mice (P < 0.05). We measured the pCa-force relationship (pCa = -log [Ca(2+)]) in skinned fiber bundles from LV papillary muscles of NTG and TG hearts. In control conditions, the Ca(2+) concentration producing 50% maximal force (pCa(50)) was 5.77 +/- 0.02 in NTG and 5.84 +/- 0.01 in TG myofilament bundles (P < 0.05). After protein kinase A-dependent phosphorylation, the pCa(50) was 5.71 +/- 0.01 in NTG and 5.77 +/- 0. 02 in TG myofilament bundles (P < 0.05). Our results indicate that mutant alpha-Tm(Asp175Asn) increases myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity, which results in decreased relaxation rate and blunted response to beta-adrenergic stimulation.

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