Altered hemodynamics in transgenic mice harboring mutant tropomyosin linked to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

C C Evans, J R Pena, R M Phillips, M Muthuchamy, D F Wieczorek, R J Solaro, B M Wolska
American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology 2000, 279 (5): H2414-23
We used transgenic (TG) mice overexpressing mutant alpha-tropomyosin [alpha-Tm(Asp175Asn)], linked to familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC), to test the hypothesis that this mutation impairs cardiac function by altering the sensitivity of myofilaments to Ca(2+). Left ventricular (LV) pressure was measured in anesthetized nontransgenic (NTG) and TG mice. In control conditions, LV relaxation was 6,970 +/- 297 mmHg/s in NTG and 5,624 +/- 392 mmHg/s in TG mice (P < 0.05). During beta-adrenergic stimulation, the rate of relaxation increased to 8,411 +/- 323 mmHg/s in NTG and to 6,080 +/- 413 mmHg/s in TG mice (P < 0.05). We measured the pCa-force relationship (pCa = -log [Ca(2+)]) in skinned fiber bundles from LV papillary muscles of NTG and TG hearts. In control conditions, the Ca(2+) concentration producing 50% maximal force (pCa(50)) was 5.77 +/- 0.02 in NTG and 5.84 +/- 0.01 in TG myofilament bundles (P < 0.05). After protein kinase A-dependent phosphorylation, the pCa(50) was 5.71 +/- 0.01 in NTG and 5.77 +/- 0. 02 in TG myofilament bundles (P < 0.05). Our results indicate that mutant alpha-Tm(Asp175Asn) increases myofilament Ca(2+)-sensitivity, which results in decreased relaxation rate and blunted response to beta-adrenergic stimulation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"