Rapid response of IgA pemphigus of subcorneal pustular dermatosis type to treatment with isotretinoin

C Gruss, D Zillikens, T Hashimoto, M Amagai, M Kroiss, T Vogt, M Landthaler, W Stolz
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2000, 43 (5 Pt 2): 923-6
Diagnosing IgA pemphigus and distinguishing between its 2 subtypes, intraepidermal neutrophilic IgA dermatosis type and subcorneal pustular dermatosis type, is important because treatment of IgA pemphigus has to be different from treatment of other blistering autoimmune dermatoses. We present a patient with subcorneal pustular dermatosis type of IgA pemphigus who rapidly responded to systemic treatment with isotretinoin. Specific diagnosis was established by detecting IgA serum activity to desmocollin 1 by indirect immunofluorescence microscopy on unfixed COS7 cells transfected with desmocollin 1. No IgA or IgG serum reactivity was found to recombinant forms of desmogleins 1 and 3 by an antigen-specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The disease was not effectively controlled by conventional therapeutic regimens. Systemic treatment with isotretinoin 20 mg daily led to complete clearance of skin lesions within 3 weeks. Assaying IgA serum reactivity to desmocollin 1, desmoglein 1, and desmoglein 3 as a valuable method for establishing the diagnosis and differentiating the 2 subtypes of IgA pemphigus. Isotretinoin was an effective drug in the treatment of subcorneal pustular dermatosis type of IgA pemphigus in this patient.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"