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Recognizing and treating premenstrual dysphoric disorder in the obstetric, gynecologic, and primary care practices.

The author's aim is to aid primary care physicians and obstetrician-gynecologists in correctly diagnosing and treating premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). The symptoms fluctuate markedly, but their timing is key. PMDD patients experience symptoms only during the luteal phase and will have a symptom-free interval after the menstrual flow and before ovulation. The author discusses self-report instruments, which are valuable tools for diagnosis when combined with the ICD-10 criteria for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) or the DSM-IV criteria for PMDD and the ruling out of medical and psychiatric conditions, such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, major depression, and dysthymia, that cause similar symptoms. Treatment strategies ranging from nonpharmacologic approaches such as dietary modification and aerobic exercise to pharmacologic interventions such as antidepressants, anxiolytics, and agents to suppress ovulation are examined.

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Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

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