[Generation of superoxide radicals by heart mitochondria: study by spin trapping under continuous oxygenation]

O V Korkisha, E K Ruuge
Biofizika 2000, 45 (4): 695-9
The generation of superoxide radicals by isolated rat heart mitochondria was studied by the spin trapping technique. The sample was placed into the cavity of an EPR spectrometer in a thin-wall teflon capillary tube, which made it possible to maintain the partial oxygen pressure in the mitochondrial suspension at a constant level. Tiron was used as a spin trap, and the intensity of its EPR signal corresponded to the rate of O2-. formation in the sample. The addition of oxidation substrates (succinate, glutamate, and malate) into the incubation mixture caused the appearance of the Tiron EPR signal. The rate of superoxide radical generation by heart mitochondria strongly increased in the presence of antimycin A, an inhibitor of the Q-cycle in complex III of the respiratory chain, but it was completely depressed by another inhibitor of Q-cycle myxothiazol. The inhibition of the reverse electron transport in complex I of the respiratory chain by rotenone (oxidation substrate--succinate) caused a substantial decrease in the rate of O2-. formation by mitochondria.


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