Effects of isokinetic strength training on concentric and eccentric torque development in the ankle dorsiflexors of older adults

D M Connelly, A A Vandervoort
Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences 2000, 55 (10): B465-72
This study quantifies concentric and eccentric dorsiflexor muscle torque at various movement velocities and determines the neuromuscular effects from short-term practice of repeated maximal voluntary contractions using an isokinetic resisted exercise program in older adults. Twenty-eight subjects (76.3+/-4.6 years) trained concentric and eccentric dorsiflexion 3 days per week for 2 weeks at 30 degrees, 90 degrees, and 180 degrees/s through 40 degrees of dorsiflexion range of motion. Peak torque, rate of torque development, surface electromyography, and strength curves at each velocity were compared before and after training. Increases were found for concentric (27%) and eccentric (20%) dorsiflexor peak torque and concentric rate of torque production (20%-53%) across all movement velocities (p < .01). Training also significantly increased dorsiflexor concentric (64%) and eccentric (55%) surface electromyography; taken together, this is evidence of apparent adaptation of neural factors in older adults with short-term training. These findings support that eccentric and concentric strength training enhances the control and production of ankle muscle dorsiflexor torque in older adults, with implications for improving functional mobility of the ankle joint.

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