Repression of transforming growth factor-beta receptor type I promoter expression by Sp1 deficiency

S Periyasamy, S Ammanamanchi, M P Tillekeratne, M G Brattain
Oncogene 2000 September 21, 19 (40): 4660-7
In this report, we describe the mechanism of TGF-beta receptor type I (RI) repression in the GEO human colon carcinoma cells. Treatment of GEO cells with the DNA methyltransferase inhibitor, 5 azacytidine induced RI expression and restored TGF-beta response. A stably transfected RI promoter-reporter construct (RI-Luc) expressed higher activity in the 5 aza C treated GEO cells, suggesting the activation of a transactivator for RI transcription. Gel shift analysis indicated enhanced binding of proteins from the 5 aza C treated nuclear extracts to radiolabeled Sp1 oligonucleotides specifically contained in the RI promoter. Protein stability studies after cyclohexamide treatment suggested an increase in the Sp1 protein stability from the 5 aza C treated GEO cells. Further, transfection of Sp1 cDNA into untreated GEO control cells increased RI promoter activity and thus induced RI expression. 5 aza C mediated Sp1 expression in Sp1 deficient GEO colon and MCF-7 breast cancer cells also enhanced the activity of several other Sp1 dependent promoters such as TGF-beta receptor type II (RII), Cyclin A and p21/waf1/cip1. These results indicate that restoration of Sp1 in several different types of Sp1 deficient cells leads to enhanced activation of a wide range of Sp1 dependent promoters.

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