Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: initial experience at one community hospital

F Hernandez, R A Clough, J D Klemperer, J M Blum
Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2000, 70 (3): 1070-2

BACKGROUND: This study reports one cardiac surgical center's experience with off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) and compares clinical risk factors and outcomes with a group of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass at the same institution.

METHODS: Data on preoperative risk factors, intraoperative clinical markers, and postoperative outcomes were collected prospectively on all patients undergoing cardiac surgical procedures at our institution. From January 1, 1999, through October 7, 1999, 332 patients underwent OPCAB procedures at our institution. This group was compared with 445 consecutive patients undergoing CABG at the same institution during the period of January 1, 1998, through November 30, 1998.

RESULTS: The two groups were similar with respect to preoperative clinical risk factors. Intraoperative data showed OPCAB patients tended to have fewer grafts performed and had a lower frequency of multiple grafts to obtuse marginal vessels. Outcomes showed no differences in the incidence of perioperative stroke, mediastinitis, reexploration for bleeding, pulmonary complications, new renal failure, postoperative atrial fibrillation, or transfusion of blood products. Patients in the OPCAB group had fewer perioperative myocardial infarctions and lower incidence of postoperative low cardiac output syndrome. A higher percentage of OPCAB patients had surgical lengths of stay of 5 days or less. The OPCAB group tended to have a lower in-hospital mortality rate but this difference did not reach statistical significance.

CONCLUSIONS: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with revascularization of all coronary artery segments is a safe and effective procedure that can be performed with equal or improved outcomes and shorter surgical lengths of stay compared with CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass.

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