COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Assisted vaginal delivery using the vacuum extractor

L V Putta, J P Spencer
American Family Physician 2000 September 15, 62 (6): 1316-20
11011860
Vacuum extractors have replaced forceps for many situations in which assistance is required to achieve vaginal delivery. Compared with metal-cup vacuum extractors, soft-cup devices are easier to use and cause fewer neonatal scalp injuries; however, they detach more frequently. Vacuum extractors can cause neonatal injury. These devices should be employed when indicated, usually for a nonreassuring fetal heart tracing or failure to progress in the second stage of labor. Complications may be minimized if the physician recognizes contraindications to the use of vacuum extraction. Complete documentation is essential.

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