JOURNAL ARTICLE

Removal of parvovirus B19 from hemoglobin solution by nanofiltration

H Abe, H Sugawara, J Hirayama, H Ihara, T Kato, H Ikeda, K Ikebuchi
Artificial Cells, Blood Substitutes, and Immobilization Biotechnology 2000, 28 (5): 375-83
11009110
Parvovirus B19 (B19), which may contaminate red cell components for blood transfusion, is known to be resistant to several viral inactivation methods. To increase the safety of hemoglobin solutions as a source of red cell substitutes, we investigated the removal of parvovirus B19 from hemoglobin solution using nanofiltration. The hemoglobin solution spiked with parvovirus B19 was tangentially filtered using the BMM-35 filter (mean pore size of 35 nm) followed by BMM-15. The parvovirus B19 of 10(8.5) PT50 (median PCR titer)/10 microL was not changed after the BMM-35 filtration. However, the BMM-15 filtration decreased the parvovirus B19 from 10(8.3-8.7) PT50 to 10(1.3-2.2) PT50, indicating more than 6 log10 reduction. When the initial parvovirus B19 of 10(6.0) PT50 was subjected to the BMM-15 filtration, the residual virus was 10(-0.3-0.5) PT50 orundetected in some fraction of the filtrate. Hemoglobin recovery was 70.4 +/- 3.4%. The ratio of methemoglobin was not changed during the filtration. These findings indicate that the BMM-15 filtration is a promising approach to prepare a safer hemoglobin solution for red cell substitutes.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
11009110
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"