RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Occurrence of gonadoblastoma in females with Turner syndrome and Y chromosome material: a population study.

The presence of Y chromosome material in patients with Turner syndrome is a risk factor for the development of gonadoblastoma. However, no cases with gonadoblastoma or other ovarian malignancies have been found in epidemiological studies of cancer, morbidity, or mortality in Turner syndrome. We examined 114 females with Turner syndrome for the presence of Y chromosome material by PCR. Initially, five different primer sets were used. Y Chromosome-positive individuals were further examined with an additional four primer sets. We found 14 (12.2%; 95% confidence interval, 6.9-19.7%) patients who had Y chromosome material. The karyotype in 7 of these patients did not suggest the presence of Y chromosome material. Seven of the patients had been ovariectomized before entering the study due to verified Y chromosome material, whereas three patients were operated upon after the DNA analysis. The histopathological evaluations showed that 1 of the 10 ovariectomized patients actually had a gonadoblastoma. The rest of the patients did not have gonadoblastoma or carcinoma in situ on histopathological evaluation. Three patients (age, >50 yr) positive for Y chromosome material chose not to have ovariectomy performed, and detailed ultrasonographies did not suggest the presence of gonadoblastoma. The frequency of Y chromosome material is high in Turner syndrome (12.2%), but the occurrence of gonadoblastoma among Y-positive patients seems to be low (7-10%), and the risk may have been overestimated in previous studies, perhaps due to problems with selection bias. This study emphasizes the need for prospective unbiased studies.

Full text links

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Group 7SearchHeart failure treatmentPapersTopicsCollectionsEffects of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter 2 Inhibitors for the Treatment of Patients With Heart Failure Importance: Only 1 class of glucose-lowering agents-sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors-has been reported to decrease the risk of cardiovascular events primarily by reducingSeptember 1, 2017: JAMA CardiologyAssociations of albuminuria in patients with chronic heart failure: findings in the ALiskiren Observation of heart Failure Treatment study.CONCLUSIONS: Increased UACR is common in patients with heart failure, including non-diabetics. Urinary albumin creatininineJul, 2011: European Journal of Heart FailureRandomized Controlled TrialEffects of Liraglutide on Clinical Stability Among Patients With Advanced Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.Review

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Read by QxMD is copyright © 2021 QxMD Software Inc. All rights reserved. By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app