JOURNAL ARTICLE

Identification and characterization of nuclear factor kappaB binding sites in the murine bcl-x promoter

J N Glasgow, T Wood, J R Perez-Polo
Journal of Neurochemistry 2000, 75 (4): 1377-89
10987817
Signal transduction pathways that mediate neuronal commitment to apoptosis involve the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB) transcription factor. Bcl-X(L) is a potent regulator of apoptosis in the CNS and is highly expressed in the developing and adult brain. We identified three putative NF-kappaB DNA binding sequences clustered upstream of the brain-specific transcription start site in the upstream promoter region. Recombinant p50/p50 and NF-kappaB proteins from nuclear extracts bound to these sites as determined by electrophoretic mobility shift assay and biotin-oligonucleotide/streptavidin affinity assays. NF-kappaB overexpression, coupled with bcl-x promoter/reporter assays using a series of murine bcl-x promoter and deletion mutants, has identified the downstream 1.1 kb of the bcl-x promoter as necessary for basal promoter activity and induction by NF-kappaB. The mutagenic removal of NF-kappaB binding sites individually or in combination revealed altered response patterns to p49/p65 and p50/p65 overexpression. These results support the hypothesis that NF-kappaB can act to enhance Bcl-X(L) expression via highly selective interactions, where NF-kappaB binding and bcl-x promoter activation are dependent on both DNA binding site sequence and NF-kappaB subunit composition. Our data suggest that molecular events associated with NF-kappaB promote regulation of neuronal apoptosis in the developing or injured CNS.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
10987817
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"