JOURNAL ARTICLE

An exploratory approach to the serotonin syndrome: an update of clinical phenomenology and revised diagnostic criteria

J W Radomski, S M Dursun, M A Reveley, S P Kutcher
Medical Hypotheses 2000, 55 (3): 218-24
10985912
Serotonin-related adverse side-effects of psychotropic drugs were first recorded in humans in 1960. However, since 1991, these related cases have been diagnosed as 'serotonin syndrome (SS)' according to the criteria reported by Sternbach. In this article, we have reviewed and further explored the validity of these criteria. The clinical profile of 24 cases of the SS published between 1991 and 1995 has been analysed in detail and compared with the symptomatology of 38 previous cases which were also further analysed. Mainly Medline and references from other reports were used to review these cases. The general concept put forward by Sternbach has been approved. On the basis of the severity of overall clinical presentation, it appeared that there is a need to further classify SS into three main groups as: (1) mild state of serotonin-related symptoms; (2) serotonin syndrome (full-blown form); (3) toxic states. Furthermore, the detailed analysis of the SS cases published so far suggests that 'the diagnostic criteria for SS' also require further revision, and these are presented here. We also review, present and discuss the guidelines for the management and treatment of SS.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
10985912
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"