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Anti-inflammatory activity of dichloromethane extract of Heterotheca inuloides in vivo and in vitro

L Segura, B Freixa, T Ringbom, R Vila, P Perera, T Adzet, L Bohlin, S CaƱigueral
Planta Medica 2000, 66 (6): 553-5
10985084
The dichloromethane extract from the dried flowers of Heterotheca inuloides Cass. was investigated on several pharmacological models of inflammation in vivo and in vitro. It showed anti-inflammatory activity on the croton oil-induced oedema test in mouse ear, at 1 mg/ear. The compound isolated from this extract, 7-hydroxy-3,4-dihydrocadalin, showed anti-inflammatory effect on the same experimental model (ED50 of 0.9 mumol/ear), as well as on COX-1 and COX-2 catalysed prostaglandin biosynthesis assays, with IC50 values of 22 microM and 526 microM, respectively. No effect was observed on carrageenan-induced oedema and on fMLP/PAF-induced exocytosis of human neutrophils. The COX-1 inhibitory effect showed by 7-hydroxy-3,4-dihydrocadalin might be related to the anti-inflammatory activity on the topical oedema induced by croton oil.

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