Journal Article
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Pilonidal cyst: cause and treatment.

PURPOSE: The treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal cyst, despite being considered a well-defined clinical entity and opinion as to its acquired origin being almost unanimous, has some controversial aspects. Surgery is the principal method of treatment, and several techniques have been proposed. All of them try to reduce morbidity, to offer conditions of fast cicatrization, to have a low recurrence rate, and to offer cure. This study was undertaken to review the available data in the literature about the cause of the disease and to determine the current optimal method of treatment, evaluating morbidity, healing, recurrence, and cure.

METHODS: Data available on the topic of pilonidal cyst in the English-language literature were obtained from Index Medicus and MEDLINE and were reviewed and analyzed.

RESULTS: There is nearly a consensus that pilonidal cyst is acquired, hair being the agent that causes the disease. Presently, the most-used surgical procedure is excision of the cyst, with open or closed wound for healing. However, many authors prefer to use the method of incision and curettage. New surgical techniques are being proposed.

CONCLUSION: The majority of authors conclude that sacrococcygeal pilonidal cyst is an acquired disease, although a minority believe it is congenital. Although excision is the method of choice for most surgeons, in our experience the incision and curettage procedure is the best surgical treatment with regard to morbidity, healing, recurrence, and cure of the disease.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app