Carcinosarcoma of the parotid gland: cytological, clinicopathological and immunohistochemical study of a case

M Sironi, G Isimbaldi, R Claren, C Delpiano, F Di Nuovo, M Spinelli
Pathology, Research and Practice 2000, 196 (7): 511-7
Manifesting a putative origin from a pleomorphic adenoma, carcinosarcoma of the salivary gland is a heterologous neoplasm in which a sarcomatous and a carcinomatous component coexist. We present a parotid gland carcinosarcoma in a 77-year-old man with peculiar morphological findings. Fine-needle aspiration cytology allowed a preoperative diagnosis of poorly differentiated carcinoma. At histologic examination, the tumor showed biphasic differentiation with an epithelial component made up of well-differentiated keratinizing squamous carcinoma and ductal-type adenocarcinoma, and a mesenchymal component, revealing focal areas of osteosarcoma and myoepithelial malignant proliferation. Carcinosarcoma is a very rare malignant neoplasm, accounting for 0.16% of malignant salivary gland tumors: only 60 cases have been reported, some of which arose "de novo", i.e., without clinico-pathologic evidence of a pre- or co-existing pleomorphic adenoma.

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