Surgical repair of incisional ventral hernias: tension-free technique using prosthetic materials (expanded polytetrafluoroethylene Gore-Tex Dual Mesh)

E Chrysos, E Athanasakis, Z Saridaki, A Kafetzakis, D Dimitriadou, V Koutsoumpas, G Chalkiadakis, E Xynos, O Zoras
American Surgeon 2000, 66 (7): 679-82
Repairing an incisional ventral hernia is a major challenge for a surgeon. The high recurrence rates observed during hernia repair by tissue approximation led to development of tension-free procedures by using prosthetic materials. The purpose of this study is to report the results of a tension-free repair technique using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene Gore-Tex Dual Mesh (Gore-Tex Soft Tissue Patch, W.L. Gore and Associates Inc, Flagstaff, AZ) in patients with primary or recurrent incisional ventral hernias. Over 3 years, 52 patients with incisional hernias have undergone this procedure in our clinic. Fourteen of them had recurrent hernias which had been primarily repaired by Mayo hernioplasty. Six of our patients had irreducible hernias preoperatively. Twenty-five patients had hernias on midline incisions, and the rest of them had hernias on transverse abdominal incisions. The median patient age was 65 years, and all were operated on under general anesthesia. The majority of the patients had 4 to 6 days of hospitalization. A subcutaneous seroma developed in eight patients. They all were treated by multiple paracentesis. Four of our patients experienced wound infection and were treated by mesh removal. None of the patients presented with cardiovascular or pulmonary complications. During the follow-up period, no other hernia recurrence, except the cases with mesh removal, has been noticed. The tension-free incisional hernia repair using expanded polytetrafluoroethylene mesh is, to our experience, a safe and easy procedure with no major morbidity or recurrence.

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