Effect of the size of the deletion and clinical manifestation in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome: analysis of 13 patients with a de novo deletion

D Wieczorek, M Krause, F Majewski, B Albrecht, D Horn, O Riess, G Gillessen-Kaesbach
European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG 2000, 8 (7): 519-26
We performed clinical, cytogenetic, and molecular analyses on 13 patients (8 females and 5 males, aged 6 months to 13 years) with Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome due to de novo deletions of chromosome 4p. All patients presented with the typical facial gestalt, microcephaly, and profound mental retardation. Other clinical signs were low birth weight (10/13; 77%), postnatal short stature (8/12; 66%), muscular hypotonia (12/13; 92%), seizures (11/13; 85%), congenital heart defects (4/13; 31%), colobomata of iris (4/12; 33%), genital anomalies (4/13; 31%), deafness (3/13; 23%), and renal anomalies (3/13; 23%). The smallest deletion was a submicroscopic terminal deletion of nearly 2.5 Mb. The largest was a terminal deletion of nearly 30 Mb. Cleft lip/palate, preauricular pits/tags, and congenital heart defects were present only in patients with terminal deletions larger than 10 Mb. The deviations from mean birth weight, birth length, and postnatal head circumference correlated with the size of the deletion. Determining the parental origin of the deletion with microsatellite markers, the maternal allele was missing in three patients and the paternal allele in eight patients. Our observations support the existence of a partial genotype-phenotype correlation in Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"