Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
Add like
Add dislike
Add to saved papers

Effect of endotoxin on opossum gallbladder motility: a model of acalculous cholecystitis.

Annals of Surgery 2000 August
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether endotoxin causes histologic changes in the gallbladder consistent with acalculous cholecystitis, and to determine the effects of endotoxin on gallbladder motility.

SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Acute acalculous cholecystitis is frequently seen in critically ill, septic patients, after prolonged fasting and gallbladder stasis. The pathogenesis of acalculous cholecystitis is unknown; however, previous studies have suggested that ischemia may play a role.

METHODS: Adult opossums received Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide. The gallbladder was removed for histologic examination or for physiologic studies 4 hours to 2 weeks later. For histologic examination, gallbladder strips underwent standard hematoxylin-and-eosin processing. For physiologic studies, they were mounted in a tissue bath to determine responses to cholecystokinin octapeptide or electrical field stimulation.

RESULTS: Intravenous endotoxin at a dose of 0.005 mg/kg resulted in disrupted mucosal surfaces and areas of hemorrhage; higher doses of endotoxin resulted in coagulation necrosis, hemorrhage, areas of fibrin deposition, and extensive mucosal loss, consistent with an acute ischemic insult. Endotoxin abolished the contractile response to cholecystokinin octapeptide in gallbladder strips 4 hours after endotoxin administration. The 0.005-mg/kg dose of endotoxin decreased the contractile response to cholecystokinin octapeptide for up to 96 hours after endotoxin administration and decreased the contractile response to electrical field stimulation for 48 hours after administration. Inhibition of nitric oxide synthase reversed the decreased contractile response to cholecystokinin octapeptide.

CONCLUSIONS: Endotoxin causes an ischemic insult to the gallbladder similar to that seen in acalculous cholecystitis. Also, endotoxin may lead to gallbladder stasis by decreasing gallbladder contractile responses to hormonal and neural stimuli.

Full text links

We have located links that may give you full text access.
Can't access the paper?
Try logging in through your university/institutional subscription. For a smoother one-click institutional access experience, please use our mobile app.

Related Resources

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

Mobile app image

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app

All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2024 by WebMD LLC.
This website also contains material copyrighted by 3rd parties.

By using this service, you agree to our terms of use and privacy policy.

Your Privacy Choices Toggle icon

You can now claim free CME credits for this literature searchClaim now

Get seemless 1-tap access through your institution/university

For the best experience, use the Read mobile app