JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effects of thyroplasty type I on vocal fold vibration

K Omori, D H Slavit, A Kacker, S M Blaugrund, H Kojima
Laryngoscope 2000, 110 (7): 1086-91
10892675

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain effects of medialization thyroplasty on vocal fold vibration in glottic incompetence dysphonia.

STUDY DESIGN: Quantitative videostroboscopic glottic measurements and vocal function study were perioperatively undertaken in 20 patients undergoing Isshiki's thyroplasty type I.

METHODS: In digitized images, the glottal area, glottal width, posterior glottal width, and amplitude over an entire glottal cycle were measured and normalized by membranous vocal fold length. The ratio of closed phase to total phase of vibratory cycle was calculated from the data of the glottal area and the glottal width at the middle point of the membranous vocal fold. Well-accepted acoustic, aerodynamic, and perceptual measures analyzed vocal function.

RESULTS: Glottal area and glottal width were reduced after surgery. While preoperative closure of glottal area was incomplete in all 20 patients, incomplete closure was obtained in 16 patients after surgery. In these 16 patients, closure of glottal width at the middle point of the membranous vocal fold was complete, whereas a posterior glottal gap remained in 14 patients. Closed phase over one cycle of glottal width waveform and amplitude of vocal fold vibration were increased after surgery. Glottal area, glottal width, posterior glottal width, and closed phase over one cycle of glottal width waveform correlated with vocal function measures.

CONCLUSIONS: Thyroplasty type I reduces a glottal gap and increases closed phase over one cycle and amplitude of vocal fold vibration, although a posterior glottal gap remains. With the improved glottic vibration, thyroplasty type I provides more efficient phonation in patients with glottic incompetence dysphonia.

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