Evaluation and validation of virus removal by ultrafiltration during the production of diaspirin crosslinked haemoglobin (DCLHb)

M Azari, J A Boose, K E Burhop, T Camacho, J Catarello, A Darling, A A Ebeling, T N Estep, L Pearson, S Guzder, J Herren, K Ogle, J Paine, K Rohn, R Sarajari, C S Sun, L Zhang
Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization 2000, 28 (2): 81-94
Virus retention during ultrafiltration through A/G Technology filter cartridges was investigated to characterize the removal process and validate the degree of virus titre reduction during the filtration of red blood cell haemolysates performed as part of the production of diaspirin crosslinked haemoglobin (DCLHb). When viruses were suspended in phosphate buffered saline solution, retention was greater with larger sized viruses and smaller filter pore size. Virus titre was maintained at starting levels in the filter retentate circuit during the course of filtration, suggesting that the virus removal mechanism is predominantly size exclusion. Evaluation of specific processing variables indicated that the retention of phiX174 virus was increased in the presence of red blood cell haemolysate or at high membrane crossflow rates and transmembrane pressures, while the retention of EMC virus was less sensitive to variations in these parameters. Using these results to design a validation protocol, log reduction values of >7.9 were demonstrated for the retention of human immunodeficiency virus, pseudorabies virus and bovine viral diarrhoea viruses, 7.6 for hepatitis A virus, and 4.2 for porcine parvovirus. It was also shown that the retention of viruses was maintained during repetitive use of the same filter cartridge.

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