Intraoperative and early postoperative complications of operative hysteroscopy

J M Cooper, R M Brady
Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America 2000, 27 (2): 347-66
With preoperative evaluation, meticulous technique, and vigilance for impending problems, intraoperative and early postoperative complications of operative hysteroscopy are largely preventable. Fluid overload is the most common serious complication. The hysteroscopist must understand the significant differences between hypotonic, electrolyte-free distention media and isotonic, electrolyte-containing media and their respective sequelae. As new operative tools become available, hypotonic and electrolyte-free distention media may become obsolete. The physiology and management of air embolism, the most grave intraoperative complication, are essential to the knowledge base of any active hysteroscopist. Mechanical accidents, anesthetic complications, laser and electrical injury, and infections can be reduced by knowledge and preparation. Technologic advances, ongoing research, and postgraduate training in hysteroscopic technique continue to expand the safe and beneficial applications of hysteroscopy into the next century.

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