Phosphotransacetylase as a key factor in biological production of polyhydroxybutyrate

M Miyake, C Miyamoto, J Schnackenberg, R Kurane, Y Asada
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 2000, 84: 1039-44
Phosphotransacetylase (Pta) catalyzes the reversible conversion of acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA) to acetyl phosphate. Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) synthase and accumulation were compared between a Pta-deficient mutant and the wild-type Escherichia coli, which were transformed with pAE100, coding for 3-ketothiolase, NADPH-dependent acetoacetyl-CoA reductase, and PHB synthase from Ralstonia eutropha. During the growth period, PHB synthase activity in the Pta-deficient mutant was lower than that in the wild type. PHB accumulation in the Pta-deficient mutant, however, was higher than that in wild-type cells grown in Luria-Bertani (LB) medium containing 1% glucose (high C:N ratio). The Pta-deficient mutant showed PHB accumulation even in LB medium (low C:N ratio), whereas wild-type cells showed no PHB accumulation. These data suggest the activation of PHB synthase by acetyl phosphate that is synthesized by Pta. A decrease in Pta activity probably causes some increase in acetyl-CoA as substrate for the PHB synthesis pathway, resulting in increased PHB accumulation.

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