[Cardiovascular response to tracheal intubation in patients with intracranial tumor. Comparative study between urapidil and lidocaine]

J Hernández-Palazón, J A Tortosa Serrano, C García-Palenciano, E Molero Molero, S Burguillos López, D Pérez-Flores
Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación 2000, 47 (4): 146-50

OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of urapidil and lidocaine on cardiovascular response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation in patients with brain tumors.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective, randomized double-blind study of 40 ASA II-III patients undergoing elective surgery for supratentorial tumor resection. The patients were assigned to two groups of 20 to receive an intravenous bolus of 1.5 mg/kg of lidocaine or 0.4 mg/kg urapidil before laryngoscopy and intubation. Anesthetic induction was performed with 0.03 mg/kg midazolam, 3 micrograms/kg of fentanyl, 5 mg/kg of thiopental and 0.2 mg/kg of vecuronium. Anesthesia was maintained with N2O/O2 (60%/40%) and isoflurane (0.5% expired). The following variables were recorded: mean blood pressure, heart rate and arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) at baseline and 1, 2 and 3 min after induction and at 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 10 min after laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation.

RESULTS: The two groups were comparable with respect to age, sex, weight, height and baseline hemodynamics. No statistically significant differences in hemodynamic variables were found between the two groups. Mean blood pressure in the postintubation period stayed near baseline and heart rate increased significantly after laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation in both groups. SpO2 decreased 7 min after administration of urapidil and stayed lower throughout the study period and was statistically different from SpO2 in the lidocaine group. All changes described were within clinically normal ranges.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients undergoing neurosurgery to remove a supratentorial tumor, both lidocaine and urapidil reduce the pressor response to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation at the doses given in this study. However, neither was able to prevent the increase in heart rate.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"