Biosynthesis of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyalkanoates) by recombinant bacteria expressing the PHA synthase gene phaC1 from Pseudomonas sp. 61-3

H Matsusaki, H Abe, K Taguchi, T Fukui, Y Doi
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 2000, 53 (4): 401-9
Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 accumulated a blend of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] homopolymer and a random copolymer consisting of 3-hydroxyalkanoate (3HA) units of 4-12 carbon atoms. The genes encoding beta-ketothiolase (PhbA(Re)) and NADPH-dependent acetoacetyl-CoA reductase (PhbB(Re)) from Ralstonia eutropha were expressed under the control of promoters for Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 pha locus or R. eutropha phb operon together with phaC1(Ps) gene (PHA synthase 1 gene) from Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 in PHA-negative mutants P. putida GPp104 and R. eutropha PHB(-4) to produce copolyesters [P(3HB-co-3HA)] consisting of 3HB and medium-chain-length 3HA units of 6-12 carbon atoms. The introduction of the three genes into GPp104 strain conferred the ability to synthesize P(3HB-co-3HA) with relatively high 3HB compositions (up to 49 mol%) from gluconate and alkanoates, although 3HB units were not incorporated at all or at a very low fraction (3 mol%) into copolyesters by the strain carrying phaC1Ps gene only. In addition, recombinant strains of R. eutropha PHB(-4) produced P(3HB-co-3HA) with higher 3HB fractions from alkanoates and plant oils than those from recombinant GPp104 strains. One of the recombinant strains, R. eutropha PHB(-4)/ pJKSc46-pha, in which all the genes introduced were expressed under the control of the native promoter for Pseudomonas sp. 61-3 pha locus, accumulated P(3HB-co-3HA) copolyester with a very high 3HB fraction (85 mol%) from palm oil. The nuclear magnetic resonance analyses showed that the copolyesters obtained here were random copolymers of 3HB and 3HA units.

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