RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
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Common abnormal kinetic patterns of the knee in gait in spastic diplegia of cerebral palsy.

Gait & Posture 2000 June
We studied the kinetic characteristics of the knee in patients with spastic diplegia. Twenty three children with spastic diplegia were recruited and had their 46 limbs categorised into the following four groups: jump (n=7), crouch (n=8), recurvatum (n=14) and mild (n=17). In the crouch pattern, the patients usually had a larger and longer lasting internal knee extensor moments in stance suggesting that rectus femoris had a relatively high activation. In the recurvatum pattern, the internal knee flexor moment was large and long lasting in stance. The biceps femoris showed less activity on EMG although the knee flexor moment was large and we concluded that the soft tissue behind the knee joint provided this flexor moment. In the jump knee pattern there was abnormal power generation at the knee and ankle joints in initial stance, which did not contribute to normal progression but aided upward body motion. In the mild group the kinetic data was similar to that seen in normal children. Knowledge of kinetic patterns in these patients may help in their subsequent management.

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