Lysostaphin treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus keratitis in the rabbit

J J Dajcs, E B Hume, J M Moreau, A R Caballero, B M Cannon, R J O'Callaghan
Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science 2000, 41 (6): 1432-7

PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of lysostaphin treatment of methicillin-sensitive and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) keratitis in a rabbit model.

METHODS: The sensitivity to lysostaphin and vancomycin were compared for 34 MRSA and 12 methicillin-sensitive strains. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus strain 301 (MRSA 301) or a methicillin-sensitive strain of low virulence, ISP546, was intrastromally injected into rabbit corneas. Rabbit eyes were treated topically every 30 minutes from 4 to 9 or 10 to 15 hours postinfection with 0.28% lysostaphin or 5.0% vancomycin. Rabbits were killed and corneas were excised and cultured to determine the number of colony forming units (CFU) per cornea.

RESULTS: Ninety percent minimal inhibitory concentrations were at least 19-fold lower for lysostaphin than for vancomycin. With early therapy (4 -9 hours postinfection) lysostaphin sterilized all MRSA 301-infected corneas, whereas untreated corneas contained 6.52 log CFU/cornea (P < or = 0.0001). Corneas infected with MRSA 301 and treated similarly with vancomycin retained 2.3 +/-0.85 log CFU/cornea, and none were sterile. When therapy was begun later (10-15 hours postinfection) the residual bacteria in lysostaphin-treated eyes were significantly less numerous than in vancomycin-treated eyes (0.58 +/- 0.34 vs. 5.83 +/- 0.16 log CFU/cornea, respectively; P < or = 0.0001). Three experiments were performed to demonstrate that lysostaphin penetrated the cornea to kill bacteria in vivo; lysostaphin-treated eyes were found to recover from infection, bacteria that did not cause epithelial defects (ISP546) were susceptible to lysostaphin, and inhibition of lysostaphin when harvesting corneas did not alter the observed therapeutic values of lysostaphin.

CONCLUSIONS: Lysostaphin is very effective in treating keratitis mediated by methicillin-sensitive or methicillin-resistant S. aureus.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"