JOURNAL ARTICLE

Molecular evidence of nosocomial transmission of hepatitis C virus in a haemodialysis unit

Y H Abacioglu, F Bacaksiz, I H Bahar, P Simmonds
European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 2000, 19 (3): 182-6
10795590
The molecular epidemiology of type 2a hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections in patients undergoing haemodialysis in the same unit in a Turkish hospital was investigated. Of nine HCV-infected patients four were infected with type 2a, four with type 1b and one with type 1a viruses. Since type 2 HCV infections in the Turkish population are rare, the possibility of nosocomial infection was investigated by means of phylogenetic analysis of viral sequences amplified by the polymerase chain reaction in the NS5b region. One of the samples failed to show amplification and therefore could not be sequenced. The sequences of the remaining three virus samples were grouped closely in a cluster within the type 2a group. The results thus showed that three patients were infected with the same HCV type 2a strain. Seroconversion and clinical data suggested that these patients may have been infected on different occasions, there being possibly more than one mode of transmission. Breaches in infection control procedures and lack of environmental decontamination between two haemodialysis sessions were probably the causes of HCV infections in these patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
10795590
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"