OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Yohimbine produces antinociception in the formalin test in rats: involvement of serotonin(1A) receptors

H E Shannon, E A Lutz
Psychopharmacology 2000, 149 (1): 93-7
10789888

RATIONALE: Previous studies have suggested that the alpha2-adrenergic receptor antagonist yohimbine produced antinociceptive effects in the formalin test in rats. However, yohimbine is also an agonist at serotonin (5-HT)1A receptors, suggesting the possibility that the antinociceptive effects of yohimbine might be mediated via these receptors.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present studies was to evaluate the potential role of 5-HT(1A) receptors in mediating the antinociceptive effects of yohimbine.

METHODS: The antinociceptive effects of yohimbine were evaluated using the formalin test in rats.

RESULTS: Yohimbine (2.5-10 mg/kg s.c.) produced dose-related antinociception during both phase I and phase II of the formalin test, and was approximately equipotent and equiefficacious to morphine. The selective 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonist WAY 100,635 (0.03-3.0 mg/kg s.c.) produced a partial reversal of yohimbine. In comparison, the selective 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist (+/-)8-hydroxy-dipropylaminotetralin HBr (8OH-DPAT; 1.0 mg/kg s.c.) also produced a dose-related antinociception in the formalin test, although 8OH-DPAT was completely reversed by WAY 100,635 (3.0 mg/kg s.c.). The antinociceptive effects of yohimbine were not antagonized by the 5-HT(1B/1D) antagonist GR 127935 (1.0 mg/kg and 3.0 mg/kg s.c.), the 5-HT2 antagonist LY53857 (1.0 mg/kg s.c.), or the 5-HT3 antagonist zatosetron (3.0 mg/kg s.c.).

CONCLUSIONS: The present results demonstrate that yohimbine produces a dose-related antinociception in the formalin test in rats which is mediated in part by the agonistic actions at 5-HT(1A) receptors.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
10789888
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"