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Preoperative chemoradiation and coloanal J pouch reconstruction for low rectal cancer

V Chaudhry, M Nittala, M L Prasad
American Surgeon 2000, 66 (4): 387-93
10776877
Our objective was to determine clinical outcomes of treatment of low rectal adenocarcinoma with neoadjuvant chemoradiation, rectal excision, and coloanal J pouch reconstruction. A retrospective review of 69 patients with stage B2 or higher lesions was performed. Preoperative chemoradiation was followed by low anterior resection and coloanal J pouch anastomosis, with end loop ileostomy. Data were analyzed using the SPSS computer software. There were 46 males and 23 females, with a median age of 63 years. Pathologic staging showed no tumor in the specimen, i.e.: stage 0, 14 per cent; stage A, 14 per cent; stage B, 53 per cent; stage C, 18 per cent; and stage D, 1.4 per cent. Postoperative mortality was 2.8 per cent, and the pelvic leak rate was 4.3 per cent. After curative resection, 89 per cent patients are alive and 83 per cent are disease free with a mean follow-up of 50 months. The local recurrence rate is 7.2 per cent. Nodal status was the most important predictor of survival and disease-free survival. Most (96%) have fewer than two bowel movements a day and are satisfied with the functional results. We conclude that preoperative chemoradiation and coloanal J pouch reconstruction can achieve low recurrence rates and prolonged survival for most patients with low rectal cancer with an acceptable quality of life.

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