CLINICAL TRIAL
CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL
JOURNAL ARTICLE
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
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Topiramate in Lennox-Gastaut syndrome: open-label treatment of patients completing a randomized controlled trial. Topiramate YL Study Group.

PURPOSE: The response to topiramate (TPM) as long-term adjunctive therapy was evaluated in patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) in a long-term, open-label extension to a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

METHODS: In 97 patients with LGS (mean age, 11 years), dosages of TPM and concomitant antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) were adjusted to optimal clinical response (mean TPM dosage, 10 mg/kg/day).

RESULTS: For those patients who had completed 6 months of TPM therapy, drop attacks were reduced > or =50% in 55% of patients; 15% of patients had no drop attacks for > or =6 months at the last visit. After treatment up to 3+ years, 71% of patients who started open-label TPM were continuing therapy at the last visit.

CONCLUSIONS: During long-term therapy, TPM is effective and well tolerated in controlling the treatment-resistant drop attacks and seizures associated with LGS.

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