Intractable benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in patients with Meniere's disease

E M Gross, B D Ress, E S Viirre, J R Nelson, J P Harris
Laryngoscope 2000, 110 (4): 655-9

OBJECTIVE: To provide a detailed description of the coexistence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and Meniere's disease in individuals and to offer a possible mechanism that explains the findings in these patients.

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective.

METHODS: Chart review.

RESULTS: Of 162 patients diagnosed with Meniere's disease between January 1998 and January 1999, 9 were found to have both "definite" Meniere's disease and "certain" BPPV. Meniere's symptoms preceded the onset of BPPV in all of our patients. Seven of the 9 patients were female. Except for one patient who experienced BPPV bilaterally, BPPV was limited to the same ear as the Meniere's disease. All patients presented with intractable BPPV that did not respond completely to otolith repositioning procedures. A detailed description of five patients is presented.

CONCLUSION: Our data, in conjunction with that of others, suggest that Meniere's disease may predispose patients to intractable BPPV. Hydropically induced damage to the maculae of the utricle and saccule or partial obstruction of the membranous labyrinth may be possible mechanisms that explain the coexistence of Meniere's disease and BPPV.


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