JOURNAL ARTICLE

Antigen-presenting cells recruited by Brugia malayi induce Th2 differentiation of naïve CD4(+) T cells

P Loke, A S MacDonald, J E Allen
European Journal of Immunology 2000, 30 (4): 1127-35
10760802
A key feature of nematode infection is a bias towards a type 2 immune response. To investigate the role that antigen-presenting cells (APC) may play in promoting this bias, we used adherent peritoneal exudate cells (PEC) recruited in response to the filarial nematode Brugia malayi, to stimulate naïve T cells from pigeon cytochrome c (PCC)-specific TCR transgenic (PCC-tg) mice. Although the proliferation of PCC-tg T cells was inhibited by parasite- induced PEC during primary stimulation, they proliferated normally upon secondary stimulation and were not rendered anergic. However, PCC-tg T cells primed by suppressive APC differentiated into IL-4-producing Th2 cells upon secondary stimulation instead of IFN-gamma-producing Th1 cells, as has been previously described. Studies with carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE)-labeled cells indicated that Th2 differentiation was associated with the inhibition of (or failure to stimulate) IFN-gamma production during primary stimulation. Interestingly, blocking antibodies against TGF-beta (but not IL-10) restored the differentiation of IFN-gamma-producing Th1 cells. Identical results with CFSE-labeled cells were obtained using purified IL-4-dependent F4/80(+) macrophages. These data indicate that T cells exposed to parasite-induced alternatively activated macrophages are driven towards Th2 differentiation. This may be an important factor in the Th2 bias that accompanies nematode infection.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
10760802
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"