Tracheal intubation without the use of muscle relaxants: remifentanil or alfentanil in combination with propofol

U M Klemola, S Mennander, L Saarnivaara
Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2000, 44 (4): 465-9

BACKGROUND: Alfentanil-propofol combination provides adequate conditions for tracheal intubation without neuromuscular blocking drugs in most patients. Providing an option for intense opioid effect without compromising recovery after short operations, remifentanil might offer benefits over alfentanil, especially in ambulatory surgery. In this study intubating conditions after remifentanil-propofol were compared to those after alfentanil-propofol.

METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind study 60 healthy patients were assigned to one of three groups (n=20). After intravenous atropine, remifentanil 3 or 4 microg kg(-1) (Rem3 or Rem4) or alfentanil 30 microg kg(-1) (Alf30) was injected over 30 s followed by propofol 2.5 mg kg(-1). Sixty seconds after the administration of propofol, laryngoscopy and intubation were attempted. Intubating conditions were assessed as excellent, good or poor on the basis of ease of ventilation, jaw relaxation, position of the vocal cords, and patient response to intubation and slow inflation of the endotracheal tube cuff.

RESULTS: Overall conditions at intubation were significantly (P<0.05) better, and the frequency of excellent conditions was significantly (P<0.05) higher in the Rem4 group compared with the Alf30 group. Intubation was judged to be impossible in 20%, 25% or 5% of the patients in the Alf30, Rem3 or Rem4 groups, respectively. No patient manifested signs of opioid-induced muscular rigidity. In terms of arterial pressures or heart rate, there were no differences between the groups.

CONCLUSION: The best method was the combination of remifentanil 4 microg kg(-1) and propofol 2.5 mg kg(-1). This provided satisfactory intubating conditions in 93%, and prevented cardiovascular intubation response.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"