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Infiltration of the abdominal wall with local anaesthetic after total abdominal hysterectomy has no opioid-sparing effect

J R Klein, J P Heaton, J P Thompson, B R Cotton, A C Davidson, G Smith
British Journal of Anaesthesia 2000, 84 (2): 248-9
10743462
We have measured the effect of infiltration of the deep and superficial layers of the abdominal wound on morphine consumption and pain for 48 h after operation, in 40 patients undergoing total abdominal hysterectomy, in a double-blind randomized study. Patients received wound infiltration with 0.9% normal saline 40 ml or 40 ml of 0.25% bupivacaine with epinephrine 1:200,000. There were no significant differences between groups in morphine consumption, linear analogue scores for pain at rest or on movement, nausea or sedation during the first 48 h after operation. We conclude that infiltration of the deep and superficial layers of the wound of a Pfannenstiel incision with local anaesthetic solution did not confer additional analgesia in patients undergoing major gynaecological surgery.

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