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Cloning and characterization of the cDNA sequences of two venom peptides from Chinese scorpion Buthus martensii Karsch (BmK)

X C Zeng, W X Li, S Y Zhu, F Peng, D H Jiang, F H Yang, K L Wu
Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology 2000, 38 (7): 893-9
From a cDNA library made from venom glands of Chinese scorpions of Buthus martensii Karsch, full-length cDNAs encoding precursors of two venom peptides have been isolated using a cDNA probe synthesized by polymerase chain reaction. Sequence analysis of the cDNAs revealed that one encoded precursor was 85 amino acid residues long including a signal peptide of 19 residues and a mature peptide (named BmK T) of 66 residues, and another encoded precursor was 84 residues long containing the same length signal peptide and a mature peptide (BmK M4 isoform, named BmK M4') of 64 residues. The analysis of amino acid sequence similarity indicated that the BmK T was homologous with both mammalian and insect toxins from BmK scorpion or other scorpions, and the BmK M4' was highly homologous with the members of the mammalian neurotoxin family of BmK, having two point mutations in amino acid residue sequence compared to BmK M4, a natural toxin from BmK.


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