A conditionally-active form of MEK1 results in autocrine tranformation of human and mouse hematopoietic cells

W L Blalock, M Pearce, L S Steelman, R A Franklin, S A McCarthy, H Cherwinski, M McMahon, J A McCubrey
Oncogene 2000 January 27, 19 (4): 526-36
The Raf/MEK/MAP kinase cascade plays a critical role in transducing growth signals from activated cell surface receptors. Using deltaMEK1:ER, a conditionally-active form of MEK1, we demonstrate the ability of this dual specificity protein kinase to abrogate the cytokine-dependency of the human and murine hematopoietic cells lines TF-1, FDC-P1 and FL5.12. Cytokine-independent cells were obtained from TF-1, FDC-P1 and FL5.12 cells at frequencies of 2.5 x 10(-3), 5 x 10(-5) and 10(-7) respectively, indicating that not all cells expressing deltaMEK1:ER were factor-independent. In general, cells that were converted to a cytokine-independent phenotype displayed a higher level of MAP kinase activity in response to deltaMEK1:ER activation than those that remained cytokine-dependent. deltaME-K1:ER-responsive cells could be maintained long-term in the presence of beta-estradiol as well as the estrogen-receptor antagonist 4-Hydroxy-Tamoxifen and the anti-estrogen ICI 164383. Removal of hormone led to the rapid cessation of cell growth in a manner similar to that observed when cytokine is withdrawn from the parental cells. Treatment of deltaMEKI:ER-responsive cells with a specific and selective inhibitor, PD98059, prevented growth in response to beta-estradiol. GM-CSF mRNA transcripts were detected in the MEK1-responsive cells indicating that the activated deltaMEK1:ER may induce a pathway leading to autocrine proliferation. Treatment of MEK1-responsive cells with an anti-GM-CSF antibody, but not a control antibody, suppressed cell growth. The cell lines described here will be useful for elaborating the ability of the MAP kinase pathway to regulate cell proliferation in hematopoietic cells.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"