Anti-sense oligonucleotide of p21(waf1/cip1) prevents interleukin 4-mediated elevation of p27(kip1) in low grade astrocytoma cells

J Liu, M L Estes, J A Drazba, H Liu, R Prayson, S Kondo, B S Jacobs, G H Barnett, B P Barna
Oncogene 2000 February 3, 19 (5): 661-9
Elevation of the cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) inhibitor, p27(kip1) is necessary for Interleukin (IL)-4-mediated growth arrest of human low grade astrocytoma (RTLGA) cells and occurs at 24 h of treatment. Pathways involved in IL4 alteration of p27(kip1) are unknown, however. Here we investigated whether other cdk inhibitors contributed to the actions of IL-4 on RTLGA cells. By 12 h of IL-4 treatment, both cdk4 and cdk2 kinase activities against the retinoblastoma protein (pRb) were reduced and nuclear entry of pRb was prohibited. Twelve-hour cdk complexes contained elevated p21(waf1/cip1) but not p27(kip1), p15(ink4B) or p16(ink4A). IL-4 increased p21(waf1/cip1) but not p27(kip1) mRNA levels, and stimulated luciferase activity of a p21(waf1/cip1) promoter-luciferase reporter. In p53-mutant WITG3 cells, IL-4 did not alter p21(waf1/cip1) mRNA and promoter-luciferase activity or p27(kipl) protein, suggesting a need for functional p53. STAT6 phosphorylation by IL-4, however, occurred in both p53-mutant WITG3 and p53-functional RTLGA cells. Pre-treatment of RTLGA with anti-sense but not missense p21(waf1/cip1) oligonucleotide prior to IL-4: (a) restored cdk activities; (b) reduced cdk4-associated p21(waf1/cip1) levels; (c) prevented p27(kipl) elevation; and (d) reversed growth arrest. These results are the first to suggest that p21(waf1/cip1) is essential for IL-4-mediated elevation of p27(kip) and growth arrest of astrocytoma cells.

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