Newcastle disease virus (NDV): brief history of its oncolytic strains

J G Sinkovics, J C Horvath
Journal of Clinical Virology 2000, 16 (1): 1-15

BACKGROUND: While genetically engineered viruses are now being tested for the virus therapy of human cancers, some naturally occurring viruses display unmatched oncolytic activity. Newcastle disease virus (NDV) excels as an oncolytic agent.

OBJECTIVES: As its virulence versus attenuation can be explained on molecular biological bases, it may be possible to develop or select highly oncolytic strains of NDV without adverse toxicity.

STUDY DESIGN: Questions are posed as to the mechanisms of viral oncolysis, the appropriateness of tests to predict oncolytic activity of a given NDV strain and the best modes of administration for oncolytic effects. Answers are provided based on specific data or on considerations drawn from experience (the authors use NDV oncolysates to immunize against melanoma and kidney carcinoma) or from analogous clinical situations (therapeutic use of mumps or measles viruses).

RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: NDV oncolysates probably suit better for immunotherapy (providing also active tumor-specific immunization) than massive repeated inoculations of NDV strains, especially when the NDV strain used is not proven to be oncolytic by appropriate pre-clinical tests.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"