JOURNAL ARTICLE

Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediment using solid-phase microextraction with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

D Cam, S Gagni, L Meldolesi, G Galletti
Journal of Chromatographic Science 2000, 38 (2): 55-60
10677833
Manual solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) is applied for the determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from natural matrix through a distilled water medium. Seven of the 16 PAH standards (naphthalene, acenaphthene, fluorene, anthracene, fluoranthene, pyrene, benzo[a]anthracene) are spiked on a marine muddy sediment. The samples, containing PAHs in the range of 10-20 ppm, are then aged at room temperature more than 10 days before analysis. The influence of the matrix, SPME adsorption time, pH, salt content, and SPME adsorption temperature are investigated. The reproducibility of the technique is less than 13% (RDS) for the first 6 considered PAHs and 28% (RDS) for benzo(a)anthracene with a fiber containing a 100-micron poly dimethylsiloxane coating. Linearity extended in the range of 5-50 picograms for PAHs direct injection, 5-70 picograms for PAHs in water, and 1-170 picograms for PAHs in sediment. The detection limit is estimated less than 1 microgram/kg of dry sample for the first 6 considered PAHs in sediment and 1.5 micrograms/kg of dry sample for benzo(a)anthracene using the selected ion monitoring mode in GC-MS. The recoveries of the considered PAHs are evaluated.

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